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November 20, 2015

Rhema – the utterance of God – 11.20.2015

Filed under: Old & New Testament — Adam Osborne @ 7:32 pm

Adam Osborne’s notes: It is important to understand that the PURPOSE of this bible study on Rhema is to try and more fully understand the revelation received by disciples when the Holy Spirit “speaks” to them.


[EXCERPT FROM Wikipedia]
Rhema (ῥῆμα in Greek) literally means an “utterance” or “thing said” in Greek. It is a word that signifies the action of utterance.

In Christianity, it is used in reference to the concept of Rhematos Christou; Jesus Christ’s sayings.

Septuagint usage:

The Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek uses the terms Rhema and Logos as equivalents and uses both for the Hebrew word Dabar, as the Word of God.

Some modern usage distinguishes Rhema from Logos in Christian Theology, with Rhema at times called “spoken word,” referring to the revelation received by disciples when the Holy Spirit “speaks” to them. In this usage, “Logos” refers to Christ.

In this modern usage, Logos is the “Word of God” Jesus Christ, the subject from Genesis to Revelation. Rhema is the revealed word of God, as an utterance from God to the heart of the receiver via the Holy Spirit, as in John 14:26

“… the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.”

In this usage Rhema refers to “a word that is spoken”, when the Holy Spirit delivers a message to the heart as in Romans 10:17

“Consequently, faith comes from hearing the message, and the message is heard through the word of Christ. (rhematos Christou)”

and in the Matthew 4:4

“Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word (rhema) that comes from the mouth of God”.

From Strong’s Concordance of the Bible (Greek word #4487) Rhema can be found in the following (non exhaustive) New Testament passages to refer to the concept of Rhematos Christou:

  • Mat 27:14 “And he did not answer to him not even one word (rhema) so that the governor marveled exceedingly.”
  • Luke 1:38 “And Mary said, behold the maidservant of the Lord; may it be to me according to your word (rhema), and the angel went forth from her.
  • Luke 3:2 “with chief priests Annas and Caiphas, came the word (rhema) of God unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.”
  • Act 10:37 That word (rhema), I say, ye know, which was published throughout all Judaea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached;”
  • Romans 10:8 “What does it say, then? The word (rhema) is very near to you; it is in your mouth and in your heart, that is, the word (rhema) of faith, the faith which we proclaim.”
  • 2 Corinthians 13:1 “This third time I come to you. By the mouth of two witnesses and three every saying (rhema) is established.”
  • Ephesians 6.17 “Take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word (rhema) of God.”
  • Hebrews 6:5 “And have tasted the good word (rhema) of God, and the powers of the world to come”
  • 1 Peter 1:25 “But the word (rhema) of the Lord remains for ever. And this word (rhema) is the good news that has been brought to you.”

[END OF EXCERPT Wikipedia]



EXCERPT FROM Advanced Training Institute International
The Word of God

There are two primary Greek words that describe Scripture which are translated word in the New Testament. The first, logos, refers principally to the total inspired Word of God and to Jesus, Who is the living Logos.
Biblical Examples of Logos

The following passages of Scripture give examples of the logos of God:

“In the beginning was the Word [logos], and the Word [logos] was with God, and the Word [logos] was God” (John 1:1).
“The seed is the word [logos] of God” (Luke 8:11).
“Holding forth the word [logos] of life” (Philippians 2:16).
“Study to show thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word [logos] of truth” (II Timothy 2:15).
“For the word [logos] of God is quick, and powerful” (Hebrews 4:12).
“Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word [logos] of God, which liveth and abideth forever” (I Peter 1:23).

Rhema—The Spoken Word

The second primary Greek word that describes Scripture is rhema, which refers to a word that is spoken and means “an utterance.” A rhema is a verse or portion of Scripture that the Holy Spirit brings to our attention with application to a current situation or need for direction.

Every word of God is inspired, and “all scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness” (II Timothy 3:16). It is the Holy Spirit Who illuminates particular Scriptures for application in a daily walk with the Lord.

The words of Jesus are significant on this point. “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word [rhema] that proceedeth out of the mouth of God” (Matthew 4:4). Jesus also stated, “The words [rhema] that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life” (John 6:63).

When God gives a rhema for us to act upon, He often confirms it by a second rhema, that “in the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word [rhema] be established” (II Corinthians 13:1).
Biblical Insights Into Rhemas

The following passages of Scripture provide insight into the rhemas of God:

“So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word [rhema] of God” (Romans 10:17).
“And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word [rhema] of God” (Ephesians 6:17).
“Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word [rhema]” (Ephesians 5:25–26).
“If ye abide in me, and my words [rhema] abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you” (John 15:7).

Biblical Examples of Rhemas

The following passages of Scripture give examples of the rhemas of God:

When Jesus told Peter to cast the fishing nets on the other side of the boat, Peter answered, “Master, we have toiled all the night, and have taken nothing: nevertheless at thy word [rhema] I will let down the net” (Luke 5:5).
When the angel told Mary that she would have a child, “Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word [rhema]” (Luke 1:38).
Simeon recalled the promise that he would see Christ before he died: “Now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word [rhema]” (Luke 2:29).
God gave John the message he was to preach as a forerunner to Christ: “The word [rhema] of God came unto John” (Luke 3:2).
God reminded Peter of His Word: “Then remembered I the word [rhema] of the Lord, how that he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost” (Acts 11:16).
Jesus told Peter he would deny Him. “Peter remembered the word [rhema] of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice” (Matthew 26:75).

How do I “get” a rhema?

In the regular course of our daily reading of God’s Word (logos), we need to ask God to speak to us through His Word and give us insight into it. The Holy Spirit can cause certain passages to stand out with significant meaning or application for our lives. These are the rhemas of Scripture and should become a part of our daily thoughts and actions.

END OF EXCERPT FROM Advanced Training Institute International



EXCERPT FROM gotquestions.Org
Question: “What is the rhema word?”

Answer: There are two primary Greek words that describe Scripture which are translated “word” in the New Testament. The first, logos, refers principally to the total inspired Word of God and to Jesus, who is the living Word. Logos is found in John 1:1; Luke 8:11; Philippians 2:16; Hebrews 4:12; and other verses. The second Greek word translated “word” is rhema, which refers to the spoken word. Rhema literally means an utterance (individually, collectively or specifically). Examples are found in Luke 1:38; 3:2; 5:5; and Acts 11:16.

Charismatic and non-charismatic Christians have different views regarding rhema and how it should be understood. Some charismatics view rhema as the voice of the Holy Spirit speaking to them at the present moment. They believe they should be guided by the Holy Spirit through inner feelings, impressions and experiences. Some believe that the direct words of God to the individual can also be imparted through the words of others, such as a preacher in a worship service or a friend who counsels them. Through these avenues, the Christian experiences God’s direct leading. There is also the belief that the spoken word has more power than the written word, but there is no biblical basis for such a belief.

Evangelical Christians, however, have a much different understanding of rhema, believing that it is essentially synonymous with logos. In other words, the specific guidance we receive from the Holy Spirit at any given time can only be discerned by the general principles laid down in the Bible. Where the Bible is silent on specifics—such as where a young person should go to college—then the Christian applies biblical principles (good stewardship of God-given resources, protecting one’s heart and mind from godless influences, etc.) to the situation and thereby arrives at a decision.

The test of the authenticity of a rhema from God is how it compares to the whole of Scripture. Orthodoxy says that God will not speak a word that contradicts His written Word, the Scriptures, so there is a built-in safeguard to prevent misinterpretation. The obvious danger is that one who is not familiar with the logos can misinterpret or misunderstand what he or she perceives to be a rhema.

END OF EXCERPT FROM gotquestions.Org




EXCERPT FROM Share Faith.com

What is a Rhema Word from God?
Trusting God for Inspiration, Insight and Understanding of the Word. To newer Christians, the word rhema is completely unfamiliar. Long-term believers often speak of hearing the rhema word of God, and they consider it precious and something special enough to continually pursue.

In Greek, the word rhema means “an utterance.” Therefore, the rhema word in Biblical terms refers to a portion of scripture that “speaks” to a believer. In most cases, a rhema word received while reading the Bible applies to a current situation or need. In essence, the rhema word is timely and extremely valuable in a Christian’s walk with God.

In 2 Timothy 3:16, the Apostle Paul says that God inspired the writers of the Bible. “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.” In the NIV version of the Bible, it says that Scripture is God-breathed. No matter the interpretation, the writers of the Bible put words to paper as the Holy Spirit instructed them.

With this understanding, Christians can count on the written words contained in o newer Christians, the word rhema is completely unfamiliar. Long-term believers often speak of hearing the rhema word of God, and they consider it precious and something special enough to continually pursue.

In Greek, the word rhema means “an utterance.” Therefore, the rhema word in Biblical terms refers to a portion of scripture that “speaks” to a believer. In most cases, a rhema word received while reading the Bible applies to a current situation or need. In essence, the rhema word is timely and extremely valuable in a Christian’s walk with God.

In 2 Timothy 3:16, the Apostle Paul says that God inspired the writers of the Bible. “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.” In the NIV version of the Bible, it says that Scripture is God-breathed. No matter the interpretation, the writers of the Bible put words to paper as the Holy Spirit instructed them.

With this understanding, Christians can count on the written words contained in

END OF EXCERPT FROM Share Faith.com


EXCERPT FROM BibleStudy.Org

Some Pentecostal Christians view Rhema as the Holy Spirit’s ‘voice’ that guides a believer. Some Evangelical Christians, however, think that Rhema and Logos are synonymous. Many Charismatic teachers promote the belief that there is a distinct difference between Rhema and Logos even though both are translated as ‘word’ in English Bibles. They believe that Logos is the Biblical written word. Rhema, on the other hand, is believed to be a special revelation from God. It may come as a realization that a Biblical verse, in spite of its context, applies to a current event or set of circumstances. Guidance on how to live ones life today is pursued through these types of words. According to most Greek scholars, however, there is no validity in the argument that the New Testament writers made such a clear distinction between these in their writings.

END OF EXCERPT FROM BibleStudy.Org



DETAILED STUDY ROMANS 10:17
Rom 10:17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.

    COMMENTARIES:

  • Albert Barnes, Adam Clarke; John Darby, Geneva Bible Translation, do not appear to comment on the single word of “rhema“.
  • John Gill: and hearing by the word of God; or “of Christ”, as some copies read, and so do the Vulgate Latin and Ethiopic versions; and intends either the holy Scriptures, which have God for their author, and Christ for the subject of them; and which furnish the men of God, or ministers of the Gospel, with proper materials to preach; and so hearing or preaching is by them, or else the command of God or Christ, which ρημα more properly signifies; and the sense is, that men preach the Gospel in obedience to the commandment of the everlasting God, and according to the orders, mission, and commission, warrant and authority, of the Lord Jesus Christ: and so these words are the conclusion, and sum of the whole; that as invocation is owing to faith, so faith to hearing, hearing to preaching, preaching to a mission; whence it follows, that it is the original will of God, to send forth his apostles and ministers, to preach the Gospel to the Gentiles, as well as to the Jews; that they hearing might believe, and believing call upon the Lord, and so be saved by him: it is a saying of the Jews, שמיעה בדבור תליא, “hearing depends upon the word“.
  • Matthew Henry: (1.) He shows that the word preached is the ordinary means of working faith (Rom_10:17): So then, ara – however; though many that hear do not believe, yet those that believe have first heard. Faith cometh by hearing. It is the summary of what he had said before, Rom_10:14. The beginning, progress, and strength of faith, are by hearing. The word of God is therefore called the word of faith: it begets and nourishes faith. God gives faith, but it is by the word as the instrument. Hearing (that hearing which works faith) is by the word of God. It is not hearing the enticing words of man’s wisdom, but hearing the word of God, that will befriend faith, and hearing it as the word of God. See 1Th_2:13.
    • Adam’s Comments: after reviewing 1 Thesalonians 2:13, “word” in that scripture refers to logos, not rhema.

    (2.) That those who would not believe the report of the gospel, yet, having heard it, were thereby left inexcusable, and may thank themselves for their own ruin, Rom_10:18, to the end.

  • Vincent’s Word Studies: Word of God (ῥήματος Θεοῦ)
    The best texts read of Christ. Probably not the Gospel, but Christ’s word of command or commission to its preachers; thus taking up except they be sent (Rom_10:15), and emphasizing the authority of the message. Belief comes through the message, and the message through the command of Christ.

DETAILED STUDY Mark 14:72
Mark 14:72: And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept.

    COMMENTARIES:

  • “Pending”….

OTHER STUDY

  • Luke 1:37: “For with God nothing shall be impossible.”
  • Luke 1:38: “it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed”
  • Luke 1:65: “and all these sayings were noised abroad throughout all the”
  • Luke 2:15: “unto Bethlehem, and see this thing (G4487) which is come to pass, which”
  • Luke 2:17: “it, they made known abroad the saying (G4487) which was told them concerning this”
  • Luke 2:19: “kept all these things,(G4487) and pondered them in her heart.”
  • Luke 2:29: “peace, according to thy word:”
  • Luke 2:50: “understood not the saying (G4487) which he spake unto them.”
  • Luke 2:51: “kept all these sayings (G4487) in her heart.”
  • Luke 3:2: “and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto”
  • Luke 4:4: “alone, but by every word of God.”
  • Luke 5:5: “nothing: nevertheless at thy word I will let down the net.”
  • Luke 7:1: “he had ended all his sayings (G4487) in the audience of the”
  • Luke 9:45: “they understood not this saying, and it was hid from”
  • Luke 9:45: “him of that saying.”
  • Luke 18:34: “of these things: and this saying was hid from them,”
  • Luke 20:26: “not take hold of his words before the people: and”
  • Luke 24:8: “And they remembered his words,
  • Luke 24:11: “And their words seemed to them as idle tales,”
  • John 3:34: “hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth”
  • John 5:47: “how shall ye believe my words?”
  • John 6:63: “profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you,”
  • John 6:68: “whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.”
  • John 8:20: “These words spake Jesus in the treasury, as he taught”
  • John 8:47: “God heareth God’s words: ye therefore hear”
  • John 10:21: “are not the words of him that hath a devil. Can a devil”
  • John 12:47: “any man hear my words, and believe not, I”
  • John 12:48: “receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the”
  • John 14:10: “in me? the words that I speak unto you”
  • John 15:7: “me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask”
  • John 17:8: “I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and”
  • Acts 2:14: “and hearken to my words:”
  • Acts 5:20: “people all the words of this life.”
  • Acts 5:32: “his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy”
  • Acts 6:11: “him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and against God.”
  • Acts 6:13: “not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place,”
  • Acts 10:22: “house, and to hear words of thee.”
  • Acts 10:37: ” That word, I say, ye know, which was published throughout all Judea, and began”
  • Acts 10:44: “yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell”
  • Acts 11:14: “Who shall tell thee words, whereby thou and”
  • Acts 11:16: “Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how that he said, John”
  • Acts 13:42: “Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next”
  • Acts 16:38: “sergeants told these words unto the magistrates: and they feared,”
  • Acts 26:25: “most noble Festus; but I speak forth the words of truth and soberness.”
  • Acts 28:25: “they departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the”
  • Romans 10:8: “what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in”
  • Romans 10:8: “heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach;”
  • Romans 10:17: “and hearing by the word of God.”
  • Romans 10:18: “earth, and their words unto the ends of the”
  • 2 Corinthians 12:4: “and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man”
  • 2 Corinthians 13:1: “three witnesses shall every word be established.”
  • Ephesians 5:26: “washing of water by the word,”
  • Ephesians 6:17: “of the Spirit, which is the word of God:”
  • Hebrews 1:3: “upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself”
  • Hebrews 6:5: “And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world”
  • Hebrews 11:3: “that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made”
  • Hebrews 12:19: “of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard entreated that the word”
  • 1 Peter 1:25: “But the word of the Lord endureth forever. And”
  • 1 Peter 1:25: “And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.”
  • 2 Peter 3:2: “That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets,”
  • Jude 1:17: “remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles”
  • Revelation 17:17: “kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled.

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