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May 12, 2006

Old Testament versus New Testament

Filed under: Bible Studies,Old & New Testament — Adam Osborne @ 9:08 pm

Old Testament Law versus New Testament

A bible study by

Adam Osborne, Jr.

Dedicated to Dad. As long as I can remember, Dad’s always known the chapter and verse of any bible question I could throw at him. He is who I turned to when I questions regarding the Old or New Testaments. Dad, thanks for getting me started on the right track.

Adam’s comments: I have always been confused over the role of the “old law” and how it effects the modern day Christian. I have heard some of today’s preachers say that the Law is “dead” and we, modern Christians, are not bound by it. Obviously the old law still serves some purpose. This is evident just by the numerous sermons that is preached every Sunday in churches around the world using Old Testament scriptures. Even Jesus used the Old Testament scriptures to witness, to teach, and to help sinners understand the kingdom of Heaven.: I have always been confused over the role of the “old law” and how it effects the modern day Christian. I have heard some of today’s preachers say that the Law is “dead” and we, modern Christians, are not bound by it. Obviously the old law still serves some purpose. This is evident just by the numerous sermons that is preached every Sunday in churches around the world using Old Testament scriptures. Even Jesus used the Old Testament scriptures to witness, to teach, and to help sinners understand the kingdom of Heaven.This is my attempt to come to some basic understanding as to how the Old Testament effects the Christian of the twentieth century. I hope this study clears this discussion up for you, it certainly did for me.

: I have always been confused over the role of the “old law” and how it effects the modern day Christian. I have heard some of today’s preachers say that the Law is “dead” and we, modern Christians, are not bound by it. Obviously the old law still serves some purpose. This is evident just by the numerous sermons that is preached every Sunday in churches around the world using Old Testament scriptures. Even Jesus used the Old Testament scriptures to witness, to teach, and to help sinners understand the kingdom of Heaven.This is my attempt to come to some basic understanding as to how the Old Testament effects the Christian of the twentieth century. I hope this study clears this discussion up for you, it certainly did for me. 


  

 


  

The Old Testament can still be used for our learning how to behave and to give us hope.

Romans 15:4 (KJV) For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope. (KJV) For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.Romans 15:4 (NIV) For everything that was written in the past was written to teach us, so that through endurance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.(NIV) For everything that was written in the past was written to teach us, so that through endurance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.

(NIV) For everything that was written in the past was written to teach us, so that through endurance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.

  • Scriptures of the Old Testament were written for our learning and our example.
  • Secondly, That we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope. The scriptures are there to show us that through God we have a savior who is active in our lives and will care for us no matter what.
  • It DOES have application for us today, something to learn by.
  • God wants you to know his word.

1 Corinthians 10:11 (KJV) Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.(KJV) Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.1 Corinthians 10:11 (NIV) These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come.

(KJV) Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.(NIV) These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come.

All scripture is given by God for daily use, not just the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:16-17 (KJV) All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:(KJV) All scripture given by inspiration of God, and profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works. 

(KJV) All scripture given by inspiration of God, and profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works. 

  • All scripture, not just some!
  • Inspiration of God, divinely instituted and monitored. God breathed.
  • “Is profitable for doctrine.” Scripture is good “for doctrine,” that is, for teaching. That’s why we teach it.
  • Studying the bible daily will bring conviction upon your heart, your mind and your soul. If you are really trying to “study the bible, not just read it” the Word of the Lord will convict you and bring about a Godly change in your life.

The Old Covenant is “established” by faith and is still required knowledge for today.

Romans 3:31 (KJV) Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.(KJV) Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.

(KJV) Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.

  • The “Law” here is the Mosaic Law.
  • Jesus’ life, death and subsequent resurrection “established” the law. He accomplished all of it, he proved it.
  • The Old Testament Law always required blood atonement for sins. Jesus was the perfect Lamb of God.

The Old Testament “Law” is written to show us the exceeding sinfulness of sin.

Romans 5:20 (KJV) Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: (KJV) Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:Romans 5:20 (LIVING BIBLE) The Ten Commandments were given so that all could see the extent of their failure to obey God’s laws. But the more we see our sinfulness, the more we see God’s abounding grace forgiving us.(LIVING BIBLE) The Ten Commandments were given so that all could see the extent of their failure to obey God’s laws. But the more we see our sinfulness, the more we see God’s abounding grace forgiving us.

(LIVING BIBLE) The Ten Commandments were given so that all could see the extent of their failure to obey God’s laws. But the more we see our sinfulness, the more we see God’s abounding grace forgiving us.

  • It was necessary that the law should be written so that we recognize sin.

The Law is Just and Good

Romans 7:12 Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.

     

  • Adam Clarke’s Commentary says “The Law therefore, is the grand instrument in the hands of a faithful minister, to alarm and awaken sinners; and he may safely show that every sinner is under the law, and consequently under the curse, who has not fled for refuge to the hope held out by the Gospel: for, in this sense also, Jesus Christ is the END of the LAW for justification to them that believe.”
  • says “The Law therefore, is the grand instrument in the hands of a faithful minister, to alarm and awaken sinners; and he may safely show that every sinner is under the law, and consequently under the curse, who has not fled for refuge to the hope held out by the Gospel: for, in this sense also, Jesus Christ is the END of the LAW for justification to them that believe.”

    says “The Law therefore, is the grand instrument in the hands of a faithful minister, to alarm and awaken sinners; and he may safely show that every sinner is under the law, and consequently under the curse, who has not fled for refuge to the hope held out by the Gospel: for, in this sense also, Jesus Christ is the END of the LAW for justification to them that believe.”

says “The Law therefore, is the grand instrument in the hands of a faithful minister, to alarm and awaken sinners; and he may safely show that every sinner is under the law, and consequently under the curse, who has not fled for refuge to the hope held out by the Gospel: for, in this sense also, Jesus Christ is the END of the LAW for justification to them that believe.”Romans 7:4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.

says “The Law therefore, is the grand instrument in the hands of a faithful minister, to alarm and awaken sinners; and he may safely show that every sinner is under the law, and consequently under the curse, who has not fled for refuge to the hope held out by the Gospel: for, in this sense also, Jesus Christ is the END of the LAW for justification to them that believe.”Romans 7:4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.Verse 4 .. that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead

  • As Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believes, the object of God in giving the law was to unite you to Christ.

.. Romans 7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.What shall we say then? the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.

What shall we say then? the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.

  • Vernon McGee writes “Paul will now show that the Law is good; it reveals God’s will. The difficulty is not with the Law; the difficulty is with us. The flesh is at fault.”

The Law brings us to Christ

Galatians 2:15-16 We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,We Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. 

We Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. 

  • Life Application Bible Notes: “If observing the Jewish laws cannot justify us, why should we still obey the Ten Commandments and other Old Testament laws? We know that Paul was not saying the law is bad, because in another letter he wrote, “the Law is holy” (Romans 7:12). Instead, he is saying that the law can never make us acceptable to God. The law still has an important role to play in the life of a Christian. The law: (1) guards us from sin by giving us standards for behavior; (2) convicts us of sin, leaving us the opportunity to ask for God’s forgiveness; (3) drives us to trust in the sufficiency of Christ, because we can never keep the Ten Commandments perfectly. The law cannot possibly save us. But after we have become Christians, it can guide us to live as God requires.”

Galatians 3:22-24 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

  • The law was our schoolmaster, our teacher, to bring us and teach us of Christ.

The following scriptures taken from “Torey’s Topical Bible” all give reference to the continued usefulness of the Old Testament Laws. Notice how MOST of the scriptures are New Testament. This proves, undoubtedly, that the Old Testament Laws are still relevant and required knowledge for today’s, New Testament society.

The Law of God

  • Is absolute and Perpetual

Matt 5:18 (KJV) Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.(KJV)

(KJV)

  • Pure

Psalms 19:8 The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.

  • Spiritual

Romans 7:14 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.

  • Holy, just and Good

Romans 7:12 Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.

  • Not grevious

1 John 5:3 For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.

  • The Law teaches us Sin

Romans 7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.

  • Our conscience testifies to the Law

Romans 2:15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)

  • The Law was (and still is) designed to lead us to Christ

Galatians 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

  • Obedience of the Law is a test of love

1 John 5:3 For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.

  • Obedience of the Law is of prime importance

1 Corinthians 7:19 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God.

  • Blessedness of keeping the Law

Matthew 5:19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

1 John 3:22 And whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his commandments, and do those things that are pleasing in his sight.

1 John 3:24 And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.

Revelations 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.

  • Christ came to fulfill the Law, not destroy the Law

Matthew 5:17-18 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

  • Christ magnified the Law as foretold in the Old Testament

Isaiah 42:21 The LORD is well pleased for his righteousness’ sake; he will magnify the law, and make it honourable.

  • Christ explained the Law

Matthew 7:12 Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.

Matthew 22:37-40 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

  • Saints have the Law written in their hearts

Hebrews 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:

  • Saints delight in the Law

Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:

  • The Law is the rule of the judgment

Romans 2:12 For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;

  • The Law is to be used correctly

1 Timothy 1:8 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully;

  • The Law is established by faith

Romans 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.


Bibliography 

  • Adam Clarkes Commentary, Abingdon Press. 
  • Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee, New Testament, Thomas Nelson Inc. 
  • Life Application Bible, Epiphany Software. 
  • Torrey’s Topical Bible, Epiphany Software. 

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